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About Fitz John Porter:
A graduate of the United States Military Academy, Fitz John Porter served during the Mexican-American War. After the war, he returned to West Point and served as the assistant instructor of artillery from 1849 until 1855.
He was commissioned colonel of the 15th Regular Infantry at the outbreak of the Civil War. After serving as chief of staff for General Robert Peterson for a brief time, he was ordered to Washington DC by General George B. McClellan where he assisted in the training of Union recruits to form the Army of Potomac.
Porter displayed exemplary skill in defensive fighting in battles such as Gaine's Mill and Malvern Hill. After being promoted to Major General, he was transferred to the Army of Virginia where he served under General John Pope. These two did not get along and Pope gave Porter commands while on the battlefield that created confusion and eventually led to the Union defeat at Second Manassas which resulted in Porter being removed from Popes army.
Porter rejoined McClellan's army where he was eventually relieved of command by President Abraham Lincoln. Porter's friendship with McClellan, and failures at Second Manassas led to a trial and eventual dismissal from the army. After sixteen years of Porter working to vindicate his name, he was exonerated by a board headed by General John M. Schofield. It was stated that the actions of Porter during the Battle of the Second Manassas most likely saved the army. President Grover Cleveland signed a bill in 1886 placing Porter's name back onto the army roll.